These pages present the Santa Barbara Museum of Art's continuing research on the provenance (history of ownership) of works in its collection during the period 1933 to 1945, that is, from the rise to power of the Nazi party to its defeat. We publish this information in accordance with the Guidelines Concerning the Unlawful Appropriation of Objects During the Nazi Era adopted by the Association of Art Museum Directors (AAMD) in June, 1998.

The works published in this section of our Web site have gaps in, or no provenance for, the period 1933 to 1945 and updated regularly as new information comes to light and as objects are added to the collection. Such gaps in provenance, in and of themselves, are by no means proof that these works were looted during the Holocaust or World War II. We publish this list to open our inquiry further and we welcome any information on the provenance of works in our collection that users of this site can provide. If you can provide further information about any objects, or believe that you have legitimate claim to any object listed here, please send an email to or write to the Curatorial Department, Santa Barbara Museum of Art.

Jardin au Petit Pont

Pierre Bonnard, French, 1867 – 1947, Jardin au Petit Pont, 1937, Oil on canvas, 39 x 48 7/8 in., Bequest of Wright S. Ludington, 1993.1.1
Acquired by Bernheim-Jeune gallery, Paris from the artist, February 1939; Purchased by J.-J. Raimond, (Paris?) from Bernheim-Jeune Gallery; to A.P. Rosenberg & Co., Inc., New York; Purchased by Wright Ludington, Santa Barbara from A.P. Rosenberg & Co., Inc., 16 October 1947; Bequeathed to Santa Barbara Museum of Art from Wright Ludington.

The Cathedral of Notre-Dame from the Pont de l'Archevêché

Johan Barthold Jongkind, Dutch (active France), 1819-1891, The Cathedral of Notre-Dame from the Pont de l'Archevêché, 1937, Oil on canvas, 13 3/4 x 23 7/8 in., Museum purchase with funds provided by 19th-century Acquisition Fund, 1999.1
Charles de Bériot, Paris, before 1901; Hôtel Drouot, Paris, March 11, 1901, lot 69; Laurent-Barrault, Paris; Arthur Sachs and Marian François-Poncet, Paris, by 1952; Sotheby's-Parke Bernet, New York, November 28, 1973, lot 9; 1973(?): Alain Delon, Paris; Hôtel, Paris, November 25, 1990, lot 2; Simon Dickinson, Inc., New York, 1990; purchased by the Santa Barbara Museum of Art, December 16, 1998


Odilon Redon, French, 1840-1916, Salomé, 1910, Oil on canvas, 28 1/4 x 23 in., Bequest of Wright S. Ludington, 1993.1.6
Maurice Denis, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 1910 or later; Robert Ellissen, Paris, c. 1926; Galerie Beyeler, Basel, c. 1958; purchased by Wright S. Ludington, Santa Barbara, 1959; bequeathed by Wright S. Ludington to the Santa Barbara Museum of Art, 1993.

Fuchsias et Œillets d'Inde

Edouard Vuillard, French, 1868-1940, Fuchsias and French Marigolds (Fuchsias et Œillets d'Inde), 1910, Oil on cardboard, 18 1/2 x 16 1/2 in., Gift of Millicent A. Rogers in honor of Ala Story, 1953.28
Purchased from the artist by Bernheim-Jeune et Fils, Paris, 15 September 1903, inventory no.13335, for 500FF; Sold by Bernheim-Jeune to Robert von Mendelssohn (1857-1917), Berlin, 5 November 1903; Carroll Carstairs Gallery, New York by 1939[?]; Collection Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, under care of dealer Sam Salz, New York, by 1941 [?]; Bignou Gallery, New York, by 1944; Cadby-Birch Gallery, by 29 September 1952; Purchased from Cadby-Birch Gallery by Millicent A. Rogers for the Santa Barbara Museum of Art, 1952; given to SBMA by Millicent A. Rogers, 28 December 1952

Game of Checkers

Edouard Vuillard, French, 1868-1940, Game of Checkers (Game of Draughts: Tristan Bernard at Madam Aron's), c. 1905, Oil on canvas, 16 1/2 x 15 1/2 in., Gift of Robert B. and Mercedes H. Eichholz, 1991.46.2
Purchased by Georges Maratier, Paris, from the artist, before 1940; purchased by Georges Seligmann, New York, from Maratier, before 1952; purchased by Mr. Robert Eichholz, Washington D.C., from Seligmann, April 26, 1952; to Mercedes Eichholz by inheritance, 20 February 1983; donated by Mercedes Eichholz to Santa Barbara Museum of Art, 11 June 1991
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